Nutritional Therapy Research

Featured Research

Successful Dietary Therapy in Paediatric Crohn's Disease is Associated with Shifts in Bacterial Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Metabotype Towards Healthy Controls (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Successful dietary therapy induced correction of both compositional and functional dysbiosis. However, 12 weeks of diet was not enough to achieve complete correction of dysbiosis.

J Crohns Colitis. Published online September 15, 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjac105
Verburgt CM, et al.

Effect of the Crohn’s Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) on the Fecal Calprotectin Level in Children with Active Crohn’s Disease (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: In their conclusion, the authors wrote: “In the group under analysis, this nutritional intervention resulted in a significant decrease in FCP level and contributed to normalization of this parameter in one-third of patients, which is a similar or better result compared to pharmacological treatment.”

J Clin Med. 2022;11(14):4146. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144146
Matuszczyk M, et al.

Assessing Barriers to use of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Study (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: To our knowledge, this is the first study examining barriers to the SCD among pediatric IBD patients.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e239
Schwartz N., et al.

Perspectives on Specific Carbohydrate Diet Education from Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients and Caregivers: A Needs Assessment (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Increasing educational content on the SCD to individuals, caregivers, and medical providers has the potential to improve adherence and sustainability on the SCD.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e222. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/PG9.0000000000000222
Rivera, N. et al

Date Title Diets Authors Summary Excerpt Citation
Feb 2021 Elemental Diet Therapy Plays a Significant Role in Preventing Surgical Recurrence of Crohn's Disease in the Era of Biologics PEN Shinozaki M et al Although univariate analyses revealed that all three treatment strategies had significant effects on surgical recurrence in patients with CD, multivariate analysis revealed that only ED therapy was significantly associated with surgical recurrence rates. Thus, ED therapy plays an important role in the management of CD, even in the era of biological therapies. Surg Today . 2021 Feb;51(2):250-257. doi: 10.1007/s00595-020-02112-5. Epub 2020 Aug 18.
Mar 2017 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Provides an Effective Bridge to Safer Interval Elective Surgery for Adults With Crohn's Disease EEN Heerasing N et al Exclusive enteral nutrition frequently down-stages the need for surgery in patients presenting with stricturing or penetrating complications of Crohn's disease; it is associated with a reduction in systemic inflammation, operative times and the incidence of post-operative abscess or anastomotic leak. Aliment Pharmacol Ther , 45 (5), 660-669 Mar 2017
Sep 2017 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Therapy in Paediatric Crohn's Disease Results in Long-term Avoidance of Corticosteroids: Results of a Propensity-score Matched Cohort Analysis EEN Connors J et al These findings suggest that EEN induction therapy is more effective in achieving early remission and is associated with long-term steroid avoidance without increased use of biologics or need for surgery. J Crohns Colitis , 11 (9), 1063-1070 2017 Sep 1
Dec 2017 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition versus Infliximab in Inducing Therapy of Pediatric Crohn’s Disease EEN Lou Y et al EEN provided similar improvements as IFX in clinical symptoms, mucosal healing, and BMI. EEN therapy has less adverse effects when compared with IFX. Gastroenterol Res Pract , 2017, 6595048 2017
Oct 2017 Induction with Infliximab and a Plant-Based Diet as First-Line (IPF) Therapy for Crohn Disease: A Single-Group Trial SVD Chiba M et al IPF therapy can induce remission in most patients with CD who are naïve to biologics regardless of age or whether they have a new diagnosis or relapse. Perm J . 2017;21:17-009. doi: 10.7812/TPP/17-009.
Sep 2017 Lack of Mucosal Healing From Modified Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Patients With Crohn Disease mSCD Wahbeh GT et al All subjects reported no active symptoms before repeat endoscopic evaluation on mSCD, the majority had consistently normal C-reactive protein, albumin and hematocrit assessments, and mildly elevated fecal calprotectin (>50 μg/g, median 201, range 65-312) at any point within 3 months before the repeat endoscopy. One patient showed complete ileocolonic healing but persistent upper gastrointestinal tract ulceration. Complete macroscopic mucosal healing of both the ileocolon and upper gastrointestinal tract was not seen in any patient. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Sep;65(3):289-292. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001619.
May 2010 Lifestyle-related Disease in Crohn’s Disease: Relapse Prevention by a Semi-vegetarian Diet SVD Chiba M et al Remission was maintained in 15 of 16 patients (94%) in the SVD group vs two of six (33%) in the omnivorous group. Remission rate with SVD was 100% at 1 year and 92% at 2 years. SVD showed significant prevention in the time to relapse compared to that in the omnivorous group (P = 0.0003, log rank test). World J Gastroenterol . 2010 May 28;16(20):2484-95. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i20.2484.
Jun 2021 Low-Fat, High-Fiber Diet Reduces Markers of Inflammation and Dysbiosis and Improves Quality of Life in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Other Diets - UC Fritsch J et al In a cross-over study of patients with UC in remission, we found that a catered LFD or iSAD were each well tolerated and increased quality of life. However, the LFD decreased markers of inflammation and reduced intestinal dysbiosis in fecal samples. Dietary interventions therefore might benefit patients with UC in remission. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol . 2021 Jun;19(6):1189-1199.e30. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2020.05.026. Epub 2020 May 20.
Jan 2021 Multidimensional Impact of Mediterranean Diet on IBD Patients MED Chicco F et al A significant reduction of malnutrition-related parameters and liver steatosis was observed in both CD and UC patients after short-term dietary intervention based on the adoption of Md, and this was associated with a spontaneous improvement of disease activity and inflammatory markers. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32440680/
Nov 2017 Nutritional Adequacy of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease SCD Braly K et al Nutrient intake of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients on the SCD was adequate when compared with a healthy peer reference population, but adequacy was variable when compared with the dietary recommended intakes. Close monitoring with a multidisciplinary team for patients using the SCD as an alternative or adjunct therapy is recommend to ensure positive outcomes for overall patient health. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Nov;65(5):533-538. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001613.
Jan 2014 Nutritional Therapy in Pediatric Crohn Disease: the Specific Carbohydrate Diet. SCD Suskind DL et al This chart review suggests that the SCD and other low complex carbohydrate diets may be possible therapeutic options for pediatric Crohn disease. Further prospective studies are required to fully assess the safety and efficacy of the SCD, or any other low complex SCDs in pediatric patients with Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jan;58(1):87-91. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000103.
Mar 2020 Partial Enteral Nutrition Induces Clinical and Endoscopic Remission in Active Pediatric Crohn's Disease: Results of a Prospective Cohort Study PEN Urlep D et al The results of our prospective pilot study suggest that PEN, allowing one meal from AID, could be as effective as EEN in inducing clinical and endoscopic remission in children with active CD. However, larger randomized controlled studies are warranted to confirm our findings. Eur J Pediatr . 2020 Mar;179(3):431-438. doi: 10.1007/s00431-019-03520-7. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

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