Nutritional Therapy Research

Featured Research

Successful Dietary Therapy in Paediatric Crohn's Disease is Associated with Shifts in Bacterial Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Metabotype Towards Healthy Controls (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Successful dietary therapy induced correction of both compositional and functional dysbiosis. However, 12 weeks of diet was not enough to achieve complete correction of dysbiosis.

J Crohns Colitis. Published online September 15, 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjac105
Verburgt CM, et al.

Effect of the Crohn’s Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) on the Fecal Calprotectin Level in Children with Active Crohn’s Disease (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: In their conclusion, the authors wrote: “In the group under analysis, this nutritional intervention resulted in a significant decrease in FCP level and contributed to normalization of this parameter in one-third of patients, which is a similar or better result compared to pharmacological treatment.”

J Clin Med. 2022;11(14):4146. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144146
Matuszczyk M, et al.

Assessing Barriers to use of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Study (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: To our knowledge, this is the first study examining barriers to the SCD among pediatric IBD patients.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e239
Schwartz N., et al.

Perspectives on Specific Carbohydrate Diet Education from Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients and Caregivers: A Needs Assessment (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Increasing educational content on the SCD to individuals, caregivers, and medical providers has the potential to improve adherence and sustainability on the SCD.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e222. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/PG9.0000000000000222
Rivera, N. et al

Date Title Diets Authors Summary Excerpt Citation
May 2021 A Randomized Trial Comparing the Specific Carbohydrate Diet to a Mediterranean Diet in Adults with Crohn's Disease SCD, MED Lewis JD et al This study compares the SCD and MD on symptoms, fecal calprotectin and CRP at 6 and 12 weeks finding no statistical significance in these endpoints. Gastroenterology. 2021;S0016-5085(21)03069-9. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2021.05.047
Mar 2022 Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Improved Clinical Scores and Inflammatory Markers in Children with Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomized Trial MED El Amrousy D, et al. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet improves clinical scores and inflammatory markers in children and adolescents with mild-moderate active IBD. J Inflamm Res. 2022;15:2075-2086. doi:10.2147/JIR.S349502
Oct 2020 Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Decreased Fecal Calprotectin in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis after Pouch Surgery MED Godny L et al In patients with UC after pouch surgery, adherence to MED is associated with decreased calprotectin levels. Thus, MED may have a role in modifying intestinal inflammation in IBD. Eur J Nutr . 2020 Oct;59(7):3183-3190. doi: 10.1007/s00394-019-02158-3. Epub 2019 Dec 7.
Jan 2014 An Anti-Inflammatory Diet as Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a Case Series Report IBD-AID Olendzki B et al This case series indicates potential for the IBD-AID as an adjunct dietary therapy for the treatment of IBD. A randomized clinical trial is warranted. Nutr J. 2014 Jan 16;13:5. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-5
Oct 2019 An Autoimmune Protocol Diet Improves Patient-Reported Quality of Life in Inflammatory Bowel Disease AIP Chandrasekaran A et al Dietary modification can improve quality of life as early as week 3 in patients with active IBD. Larger randomized controlled trials are needed to examine dietary interventions in IBD. Crohn's & Colitis 360, Volume 1, Issue 3, October 2019, otz019,
Jun 2014 Analysis of Gut Microbiome and Diet Modification in Patients with Crohn's Disease SCD Walters SS et al Changes in the composition and complexity of the gut microbiome were identified in response to specialized carbohydrate diet. The SCD was associated with restructuring of the gut microbial communities. SOJ Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014;2(3):1-13. doi: 10.15226/sojmid/2/3/00122. Epub 2014 Jun 27.
Aug 2022 Assessing Barriers to use of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Study SCD Schwartz N., et al. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining barriers to the SCD among pediatric IBD patients. JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e239
Jun 2019 Clinical Course and Dietary Patterns Among Patients Incorporating the Autoimmune Protocol for Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease AIP Lee J et al Patients utilizing AIP for management of IBD report clinical benefit of AIP, reduction of steroid use, and successful food group reintroduction. Dietary interventions could be another form of treatment in patients with IBD to improve symptoms and maintain remission. Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 3, Issue Supplement_1, June 2019, nzz035.P12-010-19
Feb 2018 Clinical and Fecal Microbial Changes With Diet Therapy in Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease SCD Suskind DL et al SCD therapy in IBD is associated with clinical and laboratory improvements as well as concomitant changes in the fecal microbiome. Further prospective studies are required to fully assess the safety and efficacy of dietary therapy in patients with IBD. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018 Feb;52(2):155-163. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000772.
Feb 2022 Clinical and Histologic Remission in an Adult Crohn’s Disease Patient Following the Specific Carbohydrate Diet and Its Impact on Healthcare Costs SCD Arjomand, A This case highlights the rapid and sustainable benefits of the SCD intervention in Crohn’s disease from both a clinical and economic standpoint. Cureus 14(2): e22032. doi:10.7759/cureus.22032
Oct 2014 Clinical and Mucosal Improvement with Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Crohn Disease SCD Cohen SA et al Clinical and mucosal improvements were seen in children with CD, who used SCD for 12 and 52 weeks. In addition, CE can monitor mucosal improvement in treatment trials for pediatric CD. Further studies are critically needed to understand the mechanisms underlying SCD's effectiveness in children with CD. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Oct;59(4):516-21. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000449.
Aug 2015 Comparative Effectiveness of Nutritional and Biological Therapy in North American Children with Active Crohn's Disease PEN Lee D et al Although PEN improved clinical symptoms, EEN and anti-TNF were more effective for decreasing mucosal inflammation and improving specific aspects of QOL. Inflamm Bowel Dis . 2015 Aug;21(8):1786-93. doi: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000426.

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