Nutritional Therapy Research

Featured Research

Successful Dietary Therapy in Paediatric Crohn's Disease is Associated with Shifts in Bacterial Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Metabotype Towards Healthy Controls (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Successful dietary therapy induced correction of both compositional and functional dysbiosis. However, 12 weeks of diet was not enough to achieve complete correction of dysbiosis.

J Crohns Colitis. Published online September 15, 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjac105
Verburgt CM, et al.

Effect of the Crohn’s Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) on the Fecal Calprotectin Level in Children with Active Crohn’s Disease (CDED)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: In their conclusion, the authors wrote: “In the group under analysis, this nutritional intervention resulted in a significant decrease in FCP level and contributed to normalization of this parameter in one-third of patients, which is a similar or better result compared to pharmacological treatment.”

J Clin Med. 2022;11(14):4146. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144146
Matuszczyk M, et al.

Assessing Barriers to use of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Study (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: To our knowledge, this is the first study examining barriers to the SCD among pediatric IBD patients.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e239
Schwartz N., et al.

Perspectives on Specific Carbohydrate Diet Education from Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients and Caregivers: A Needs Assessment (SCD)

NTforIBD Comment: October 2022 Newsletter

Summary Excerpt: Increasing educational content on the SCD to individuals, caregivers, and medical providers has the potential to improve adherence and sustainability on the SCD.

JPGN Reports. 2022;3(3):e222. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/PG9.0000000000000222
Rivera, N. et al

Date Title Diets Authors Summary Excerpt Citation
Sep 2017 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Therapy in Paediatric Crohn's Disease Results in Long-term Avoidance of Corticosteroids: Results of a Propensity-score Matched Cohort Analysis EEN Connors J et al These findings suggest that EEN induction therapy is more effective in achieving early remission and is associated with long-term steroid avoidance without increased use of biologics or need for surgery. J Crohns Colitis , 11 (9), 1063-1070 2017 Sep 1
Feb 2018 Effect of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet on the Microbiome of a Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis and Ulcerative Colitis Patient SCD Dubrovsky A and Kitts CL Not only were substantial changes in the fecal bacterial composition detectable within two weeks, but all UC symptoms were also controlled as early as one week following the start of the diet. Cureus. 2018 Feb 9;10(2):e2177. doi: 10.7759/cureus.2177.
Mar 2022 Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Improved Clinical Scores and Inflammatory Markers in Children with Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomized Trial MED El Amrousy D, et al. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet improves clinical scores and inflammatory markers in children and adolescents with mild-moderate active IBD. J Inflamm Res. 2022;15:2075-2086. doi:10.2147/JIR.S349502
Jun 2021 Low-Fat, High-Fiber Diet Reduces Markers of Inflammation and Dysbiosis and Improves Quality of Life in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Other Diets - UC Fritsch J et al In a cross-over study of patients with UC in remission, we found that a catered LFD or iSAD were each well tolerated and increased quality of life. However, the LFD decreased markers of inflammation and reduced intestinal dysbiosis in fecal samples. Dietary interventions therefore might benefit patients with UC in remission. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol . 2021 Jun;19(6):1189-1199.e30. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2020.05.026. Epub 2020 May 20.
Oct 2020 Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Decreased Fecal Calprotectin in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis after Pouch Surgery MED Godny L et al In patients with UC after pouch surgery, adherence to MED is associated with decreased calprotectin levels. Thus, MED may have a role in modifying intestinal inflammation in IBD. Eur J Nutr . 2020 Oct;59(7):3183-3190. doi: 10.1007/s00394-019-02158-3. Epub 2019 Dec 7.
Mar 2017 Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Provides an Effective Bridge to Safer Interval Elective Surgery for Adults With Crohn's Disease EEN Heerasing N et al Exclusive enteral nutrition frequently down-stages the need for surgery in patients presenting with stricturing or penetrating complications of Crohn's disease; it is associated with a reduction in systemic inflammation, operative times and the incidence of post-operative abscess or anastomotic leak. Aliment Pharmacol Ther , 45 (5), 660-669 Mar 2017
Aug 2015 The Specific Carbohydrate Diet for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case Series SCD Kakodkar S et al Our survey results suggest that SCD can potentially be an effective tool in the management of some patients with IBD and specifically in patients with colonic and ileocolonic CD who made up the majority of our study group. A highly educated group of patients follow the SCD; all but one of the adults in our study had a college or graduate degree. Our results also suggest that in some patients with moderate to severe disease who follow this diet, discontinuation of immunosuppressive agents has been feasible. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015 Aug;115(8):1226-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2015.04.016
May 2015 Efficacy of Concomitant Elemental Diet Therapy in Scheduled Infliximab Therapy in Patients With Crohn's Disease to Prevent Loss of Response EEN Kamata N et al Concomitant ED therapy is effective in maintaining scheduled IFX maintenance therapy in patients with luminal CD in order to prevent LOR. Dig Dis Sci , 60 (5), 1382-8 May 2015
Jun 2022 Personalized Research on Diet in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease (PRODUCE): A Series of N-of-1 Diet Trials SCD, mSCD Kaplan HC et al “SCD and MSCD did not consistently improve symptoms or inflammation although some individuals may have benefited.” Am J of Gastroenterol 2022 June 1;117(6):902-917.
Aug 2015 Resolution of Severe Ulcerative Colitis with the Specific Carbohydrate Diet SCD Khandalavala BN and Nirmalraj MC Successful use of the SCD in children with UC has been documented. We describe previously unreported, highly beneficial results with both symptomatic and clinical improvement and complete remission of UC in an adult female with the SCD. Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2015 Aug 7;9(2):291-5. doi: 10.1159/000438745. eCollection 2015 May-Aug
Nov 2017 Efficacy of the Autoimmune Protocol Diet for Inflammatory Bowel Disease AIP Konijeti GG et al Dietary elimination can improve symptoms and endoscopic inflammation in patients with IBD. Randomized controlled trials are warranted. Inflamm Bowel Dis , 23 (11), 2054-2060 Nov 2017
Aug 2015 Comparative Effectiveness of Nutritional and Biological Therapy in North American Children with Active Crohn's Disease PEN Lee D et al Although PEN improved clinical symptoms, EEN and anti-TNF were more effective for decreasing mucosal inflammation and improving specific aspects of QOL. Inflamm Bowel Dis . 2015 Aug;21(8):1786-93. doi: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000426.

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