Related Research

The Microbiome, Diet, and IBD

Date Title Categories Authors Summary Excerpt Citation
Jul 2012 Food and the Gut Microbiota in IBD: A Critical Connection Microbiome Albenberg LG et al Recent studies have demonstrated an association between the diet and the human microbiome. Because the development of a 'dysbiotic' microbiota is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of IBD, diet is being investigated as an important etiologic factor. Curr Opin Gastroenterol , 28 (4), 314-20 Jul 2012
Oct 2015 Inflammation, Antibiotics, and Diet as Environmental Stressors of the Gut Microbiome in Pediatric Crohn’s Disease Microbiome Lewis JD et al Dietary therapy had independent and rapid effects on microbiota composition distinct from other stressor-induced changes and effectively reduced inflammation. These findings reveal that dysbiosis results from independent effects of inflammation, diet, and antibiotics and shed light on Crohn disease treatments. Cell Host Microbe , 18 (4), 489-500 2015 Oct 14
Jul 2016 The intestinal microbiome, barrier function, and immune system in inflammatory bowel disease: a tripartite pathophysiological circuit with implications for new therapeutic directions Microbiome Vindigni SM et al We discuss the tripartite pathophysiological circuit of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), involving the intestinal microbiota, barrier function, and immune system. Dysfunction in each of these physiological components (dysbiosis, leaky gut, and inflammation) contributes in a mutually interdependent manner to IBD onset and exacerbation. Genetic and environmental risk factors lead to disruption of gut homeostasis: genetic risks predominantly affect the immune system, environmental risks predominantly affect the microbiota, and both affect barrier function. Therap Adv Gastroenterol . 2016 Jul;9(4):606-25. doi: 10.1177/1756283X16644242. Epub 2016 Apr 19.
Mar 2017 Diet and Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The Gut in Disharmony Microbiome Rapozo DCM et al Therefore, it is likely that a better understanding of the role of different food components in intestinal homeostasis and the resident microbiota will be essential for unravelling the complex molecular basis of the epigenetic, genetic and environment interactions underlying IBD pathogenesis as well as for offering dietary interventions with minimal side effects. World J Gastroenterol , 23 (12), 2124-2140 2017 Mar 28
Jun 2017 The Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Current and Therapeutic Insights Microbiome Lane ER et al This review will characterize the factors involved in the development of the intestinal microbiome and will describe the typical alterations in the microbiota that are characteristic of inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, this manuscript will summarize the early but promising literature on the role of the gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease with implications for utilizing this data for diagnostic or therapeutic application in the clinical management of patients with these diseases. J Inflamm Res , 10, 63-73 2017 Jun 10 eCollection 2017
Aug 2017 Diet, Gut Microbiome and Epigenetics: Emerging Links With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Prospects for Management and Prevention Microbiome Aleksandrova K et al Other nutritional interventions or specific diets including the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD), the low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyol (FODMAP) diet and, most recently, the Mediterranean diet have shown strong anti-inflammatory properties and show promise for improving disease symptoms. More work is required to evaluate the role of individual food compounds and complex nutritional interventions with the potential to decrease inflammation as a means of prevention and management of IBD. Nutrients , 9 (9) 2017 Aug 30
Feb 2019 Gut Microbiome Structure and Metabolic Activity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Microbiome Franzosa EA et al Our findings thus provide an improved understanding of perturbations of the microbiome-metabolome interface in IBD, including identification of many potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Nat Microbiol . 2019 Feb;4(2):293-305. doi: 10.1038/s41564-018-0306-4. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Jan 2020 The microbiome and inflammatory bowel disease Microbiome Glassner KL et al In this review we will discuss the role of the gut microbiome in patients with IBD; our focus will be on human studies. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020 Jan;145(1)16-27. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2019.11.003
Mar 2021 Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease and its Relationship with the Microbiome Microbiome Fitzgerald RS et al In this review, the authors look at the increasing number of studies investigating the role the microbiome and other biomes play in pediatric patients with IBD, particularly changes associated with IBD, varying disease states, and therapeutics. Fitzgerald, R.S., Sanderson, I.R. & Claesson, M.J. Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease and its Relationship with the Microbiome. Microb Ecol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01697-9
Jul 2021 Long-term Dietary Patterns are Associated with Pro-Inflammatory and Anti-Inflammatory Features of the Gut Microbiome Microbiome Bolte L et al Authors identify dietary patterns that consistently correlate with groups of bacteria with shared functional roles in health and disease. Specific foods and nutrients were associated with species known to infer mucosal protection and anti-inflammatory effects, proposing a microbial mechanism for anti-inflammatory dietary effects Gut. 2021;70(7):1287-1298. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2020-322670
Jul 2021 Gut-Microbiota-Targeted Diets Modulate Human Immune Status Microbiome Wastyk H et al Two microbiota targeted interventions, plant based fiber and fermented foods, influence the human microbiome and immune system, whereby coupling them may provide longitudinal benefit. Cell. 2021;S0092-8674(21)00754-6. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2021.06.019
Jul 2021 The Role of Precision Nutrition in the Modulation of Microbial Composition and Function in People with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Microbiome Sasson AN et al Authors discuss dietary patterns and their influence on the structure and function of the gut microbiome. They also discuss potential of innovative dietary strategies and future development of precision nutrition. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021;S2468-1253(21)00097-2. doi:10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00097-2