Related Research

The Microbiome, Diet, and IBD

Date Title Categories Authors Summary Excerpt Citation
Feb 2023 To Fiber or Not to Fiber: The Swinging Pendulum of Fiber Supplementation in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Microbiome Haskey N. et al. This review describes dietary fibers and their mechanism of action within the microbiome, details novel fiber sources, including resistant starches and polyphenols, and concludes with potential future directions in fiber research, including the move toward precision nutrition. Nutrients 2023, 15(5), 1080;
Jan 2023 P380 Changes in faecal microbiome and metabolome are more pronounced in Crohn’s disease patients who adhered to the CD-TREAT diet and responded by calprotectin. Microbiome Svolos V., et al. Treatment with the CD-TREAT solid food diet improves disease activity indices, faecal calprotectin (FCAL) levels and quality of life in adults and children with active Crohn’s disease (CD); particularly in patients who adhere to the diet. Here we describe changes in faecal microbiome parameters during therapy with CD-TREAT and explore these changes against adherence. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, Volume 17, Issue Supplement_1, February 2023, Pages i513–i515,
Sep 2022 Unfermented β-fructan Fibers Fuel Inflammation in Select Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Microbiome Armstrong H. et al. Inflammatory bowel diseases are overall beneficially impacted by dietary fibers that are fermented by colonic microbes. Unfermented dietary β-fructan fibers induced proinflammatory cytokines in a subset of inflammatory bowel disease patient samples, via activation of the NLRP3 and TLR2 pathways; inflammation was reduced via fermentation by microbes. Gastroenterology, 2023.
Mar 2022 The Effects of Commonly Consumed Dietary Fibres on the Gut Microbiome and Its Fibre Fermentative Capacity in Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Remission Microbiome Gerasimidis, K Despite extensive microbial dysbiosis, patients with IBD have a similar capacity to ferment fibre and release SCFA as HC. Fibre supplementation alone may be unlikely to restore to a healthy status the compositional shifts characteristic of the IBD microbiome. Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 1053;
Jan 2022 Dietary manipulation of the gut microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease patients: Pilot study Microbiome Olendzki, B In conclusion, we demonstrate that the IBD-AID can favor bacteria commonly depleted in IBD patients which are key for maintaining immune tolerance and homeostasis in the gut via SCFA production. We demonstrated that foods encouraged/discouraged by the IBD-AID are linked to modulation of the immune tone. Gut Microbes. 2022 Jan-Dec;14(1):2046244. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2022.2046244.
Jul 2021 The Role of Precision Nutrition in the Modulation of Microbial Composition and Function in People with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Microbiome Sasson AN, Ingram RJM, et al Authors discuss dietary patterns and their influence on the structure and function of the gut microbiome. They also discuss potential of innovative dietary strategies and future development of precision nutrition. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021;S2468-1253(21)00097-2. doi:10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00097-2
Jul 2021 Gut-Microbiota-Targeted Diets Modulate Human Immune Status Microbiome Wastyk H et al Two microbiota targeted interventions, plant based fiber and fermented foods, influence the human microbiome and immune system, whereby coupling them may provide longitudinal benefit. Cell. 2021;S0092-8674(21)00754-6. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2021.06.019
Jul 2021 Long-term Dietary Patterns are Associated with Pro-Inflammatory and Anti-Inflammatory Features of the Gut Microbiome Microbiome Bolte L et al Authors identify dietary patterns that consistently correlate with groups of bacteria with shared functional roles in health and disease. Specific foods and nutrients were associated with species known to infer mucosal protection and anti-inflammatory effects, proposing a microbial mechanism for anti-inflammatory dietary effects Gut. 2021;70(7):1287-1298. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2020-322670
Mar 2021 Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease and its Relationship with the Microbiome Microbiome Fitzgerald RS et al In this review, the authors look at the increasing number of studies investigating the role the microbiome and other biomes play in pediatric patients with IBD, particularly changes associated with IBD, varying disease states, and therapeutics. Fitzgerald, R.S., Sanderson, I.R. & Claesson, M.J. Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease and its Relationship with the Microbiome. Microb Ecol (2021).
Jan 2020 The microbiome and inflammatory bowel disease Microbiome Glassner KL et al In this review we will discuss the role of the gut microbiome in patients with IBD; our focus will be on human studies. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020 Jan;145(1)16-27. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2019.11.003
Feb 2019 Gut Microbiome Structure and Metabolic Activity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Microbiome Franzosa EA et al Our findings thus provide an improved understanding of perturbations of the microbiome-metabolome interface in IBD, including identification of many potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Nat Microbiol . 2019 Feb;4(2):293-305. doi: 10.1038/s41564-018-0306-4. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Aug 2017 Diet, Gut Microbiome and Epigenetics: Emerging Links With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Prospects for Management and Prevention Microbiome Aleksandrova K et al Other nutritional interventions or specific diets including the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD), the low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyol (FODMAP) diet and, most recently, the Mediterranean diet have shown strong anti-inflammatory properties and show promise for improving disease symptoms. More work is required to evaluate the role of individual food compounds and complex nutritional interventions with the potential to decrease inflammation as a means of prevention and management of IBD. Nutrients , 9 (9) 2017 Aug 30

Nutritional Therapy for IBD

Improving the Care of Patients with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis through Nutrition

Like what you see here?

Your donations will help us to improve the outcomes of patients with IBD through nutrition.