Ongoing Clinical Trials

The body of research examining therapeutic diets is growing. Many trials are still in progress, including several large multi-center trials (DIETOMICS-CD [CDED] and MELODY [IBD-AID]). The collection of ongoing clinical trials listed below has been cultivated from
Date Title Trial type Completed Diets Sponsor Summary Excerpt Trial
Jun 2015 Crohn Disease Exclusion Diet After Single Medication De-escalation (CEASE) Interventional CDED Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Diet has been proven to impact disease activity in CD and may allow for sustained drug-free remission. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether pediatric CD patients in long-standing remission remain in remission longer after stopping medications if they follow the Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED). The hypothesis is that subjects on the CDED will have longer time-to-relapse as opposed to those on an unrestricted diet. n=35
Mar 2014 Personalized "Alberta" Diet for Prevention of Relapse in Ulcerative Colitis Interventional University of Alberta In the present study, ulcerative colitis (UC) patients in the remission stage of the disease will be randomized into two groups: Alberta anti-inflammatory diet and Canada's Food Guide diet. The elements of Alberta anti-inflammatory diet have previously been shown to have a role in decreasing the risk of UC development or management of UC-related symptoms or relapse. Since the primary outcome of interest is the relapse rate in two groups, disease status will be assessed monthly using appropriate tools. In order to find out the underlying mechanisms that will relate the proposed diet to decreased flare rate, some laboratory evaluations, which are mainly markers of inflammation or are related to gut microbiome will be conducted. In the present study, the investigators will also perform state-of-the art metabolomics tests, in order to study how the dietary changes will change the end metabolites. In addition, the investigators will be able to explore if metabolomic profile of participants can prThis study will last for 6 months from to their stable doses of maintenance drug therapy. N=53 completededict future UC relapse.
Jul 2014 Cyclic Exclusive Enteral Nutrition as Maintenance Therapy for Pediatric Crohn’s Disease (CD-HOPE) Interventional EEN Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris There is convincing data indicating that EN is highly efficacious when given on an exclusive basis, while the use of partial EN is markedly less effective to induce remission in active Crohn's disease as compared to exclusive EN. Recently, it was suggested that exclusive EN has a dominant effect on the intestinal microbiota, which contributes to the induction of remission. There exists several strategies to maintain remission in children with CD, but there is no clear consensus on which maintenance treatment to follow. There are some indicators to believe that enteral nutritional therapy might play also a significant role as maintenance therapy for CD. Given the fact that many centers use a top-down approach with the introduction of immunosuppressors and/or biologics at/or shortly after diagnosis, the investigators wanted to test the possibility of a treatment option to efficiently maintain remission with less (or no) side effects based on enteral nutrition to avoid the early use of immunosuppressors.
Mar 2020 Prospective Dietary Therapy Using Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet for Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis Patients Interventional CDED Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Although, pouchitis patients are former UC patients, the disease occurs in the small intestine, similarly to Crohn's disease (CD). Further, the disease can be clinically similar to CD, involving the proximal gastro-intestinal tract and causing strictures, fistula, or perianal disease. The Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) reduces exposure to all the components identified in rodent models as well as two components that are highly suspect but have not been investigated in models. The diet also provides dietary components that may favor species (especially SCFA producers) which appear to be deficient in CD. The investigator therefore aims to examine the microbial, mucosal and immunological changes of the pouch during one year post IPAA, and examine the impact of the CDED on disease activity and dysbiosis in a cohort of adults suffering from active pouchitis.
Jan 2017 Chronic Inflammatory Disease, Lifestyle and Treatment Response (BELIEVE) Observational University of Southern Denmark Chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) - including inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), rheumatic conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis), inflammatory skin diseases (psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa) and non-infectious uveitis are treated with biologics targeting the pro-inflammatory molecule tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF), i.e. TNF inhibitors. Up to one third of the patients do, however, not respond to biologics and lifestyle is assumed to affect the treatment outcome. However, little is known on the effects of lifestyle as a prognostic factor (possibly enabling personalised medicine). The aims of this multidisciplinary collaboration are to identify lifestyle factors that support individualised forecasting of optimised treatment outcome on these costly drugs. This prospective cohort study will enrol CID patients assigned for biologic treatment. At baseline (Pre-treatment), patient characteristics are assessed using patient-reported outcome measures and clinical assessments on disease activity, quality of life, and lifestyle together with registry data on comorbidity and medication. Follow-up will be conducted at week 14-16 after treatment initiation (according to the current Danish standards). Evaluation of a successful treatment outcome response will - for each disease - be based on most frequently used primary endpoints; the major outcome of the analyses will be to detect differences in treatment outcome between patients with specific lifestyle characteristics. The overarching goal of this project is to improve the lives of patients suffering from CID, by providing evidence to support dietary recommendations likely to improve the clinical outcome. Prospective 16 weeks, observational prospective cohort n=320
Apr 2017 The IMAGINE-SPOR CIHR Chronic Disease Network (IMAGINE) Observational Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation The IMAGINE Cohort Study will identify and recruit a cohort of 8000 patients with IBS, IBD and healthy controls (2000 of each) who will be assessed in terms of their psychological status, dietary intake, gut microbiome, metabolomic and inflammatory markers and genotype, health-related quality of life, and health care resource use and associated costs. The cohort and healthy controls will be followed prospectively for up to 5 years after the completion of study enrollment. Observational cohort. n=8000.
Dec 2012 Diet and Disease Activity in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Observational Maastricht University Medical Center The investigators hypothesize that differences in dietary patterns affects the intestinal microbiota composition and thereby contributes to the development of exacerbations in IBD. Observational cohort, 1 year, n=600.
Sep 2017 The PRognostic Effect of Environmental Factors in Crohn's and Colitis (PREdiCCt) Observational University of Edinburgh This is a major study that is now being launched. This is the first study of its kind and is specifically directed toward understanding how environmental factors and the gut microorganisms influence IBD flare and recovery. For the PREdiCCt study, the investigators hope to recruit 1500 people in remission from Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (illness under control) from 28 inflammatory bowel disease clinics across the UK. What investigators hope to achieve: 1. Finding out the environmental and dietary factors for patients to avoid because they trigger flare. 2. Finding out behaviours for patients to adopt because they bring about remission. 3. Finding out what the microorganisms that predict flare look like. 4. Gaining information which helps future studies aimed at finding better diets for IBD sufferers. 5. Developing ways of gathering information online from IBD patients about their well-being that doctors can routinely use. Observational cohort, n=3100
Mar 2018 The ENIGMA Study: Eastern Inflammatory Bowel Disease Gut Microbiota Observational Chinese University of Hong Kong The ENIGMA project comprises three main enteric microbiome domains of central importance to Crohn's disease. Two specific organisms which may play a critical role in disease pathogenesis, including the candidate protective bacterium, and the novel pathogenic candidate, will be characterised and studied in detail. Microbial findings will be related to detailed assessment of environmental factors that permit microbial changes or expression. Observational cohort, n=1300
Jul 2016 Abnormal Fecal Microbiota in Healthy Subjects at High Risk for Crohn's Disease (MAGIC) Observational University Hospital, Lille Transversal multicentric French study on the microbiota in patients with Crohn's disease and their first degree healthy relatives The primary objective is the comparison of microbiota between patients with CD, healthy controls non genetically linked and first degree healthy relatives of patients with CD. The primary objective is the comparison of microbiota between patients with CD, healthy controls non genetically linked and first degree healthy relatives of patients with CD. The first endpoint is the Lachnospiraceae rates in each group. The secondary objectives are: 1. The search for an association between bacterial dysbiosis and different genetic backgrounds in patients with CD, their first degree healthy relatives and controls. 2. The quantification of potential invasive bacteria with invasive properties (E. coli including adherent-invasive E. coli, Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia, Campylobacter), and fecal fungal flora (Candida albicans, in particular) and their association with genetic and serological profiles in patients with CD, their healthy relatives and control subjects. 3. A study of environmental risk factors using a questionnaire to be submitted to CD patients, their healthy relatives and control subjects. Observational n= 240.
Jan 2015 Bacteria & Inflammation in the Gut (BIG) Study (BIG) Observational EEN NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde EEN has previously been shown to induce changes in major bacterial metabolites and dominant bacterial species which are more profound in children that clinically improve. This study aims to determine whether it is possible to maintain these bacterial changes with prolonged supplementary enteral nutrition (SEN) while returning to normal diet and if this can reduce risk of subsequent relapse for children with CD. Observational, case control, n=200
Feb 2020 Decoding Personalized Nutritional, Microbiome and Host Patterns Impacting Clinical and Prognostic Features in Crohn's Disease Observational Weizmann Institute of Science The study is 3 arms observational study with no intervention that aims to understand the link between Crohn's disease, microbiome and diet in children. 150 children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease will participate in the study and their data will be used to create an algorithm about their microbiome, disease, diet, etc. 100 other children newly diagnosed will participate in the study and their data will be use to validate the algorithm. The investigators will be recruiting 50 healthy participants: 20 that are undergoing an endoscopy for abdominal pain and 30 that comes to the physician for different reasons.