Ongoing Clinical Trials

The body of research examining therapeutic diets is growing. Many trials are still in progress, including several large multi-center trials (DIETOMICS-CD [CDED] and MELODY [IBD-AID]). The collection of ongoing clinical trials listed below has been cultivated from
Date Title Trial type Completed Diets Sponsor Summary Excerpt Trial
Feb 2017 The Effect of Diet on Disease Activity and Symptoms in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Interventional University of British Columbia The Mediterranean Diet Pattern (MDP) is associated with improvements in health status and inflammatory markers in healthy individuals and rodent models of colitis. Reductions in inflammatory biomarkers and a "normalization" of the gut microbiota have been shown in patients with Crohn's disease following a MDP. To date, no studies have examined the effect of MDP on disease activity, inflammatory markers or the effects on the microbiome in ulcerative colitis (UC). This study will examine the effects of a MDP taken by patients with UC on 1) symptoms, clinical and quality of life endpoints and 2) on gut microbiome and fecal immune biomarkers. One hundred subjects and two subjects with UC will be randomly allocated to follow a MDP for 12 weeks or their usual diet (controls). Upon initiation, throughout and completion of each diet, symptoms, clinical and quality of life endpoints will be monitored. Fecal samples will be collected to assess pH, short-chain fatty acid concentrations, bacterial abundance and diversity. . Randomized, open label, n=102
Oct 2020 Modeling Patient Response to a Therapeutic Diet in Crohn's Disease (TDI) Interventional University of Calgary is proposed randomized controlled trial (RCT) explores the efficacy of a Crohn's Disease (CD) Therapeutic Dietary Intervention (TDI) compared to conventional management (CM) to induce steroid-free clinical remission at week 13 in patients with active, mild-to-moderate luminal CD. For asymptomatic patients with active disease, efficacy of the diet will be explored by using fecal calprotectin and sonographic findings.
Jun 2020 Study of Dietary Composition in Crohn's Disease (CD)
Interventional University of California, Los Angeles A randomized controlled trial of the anti-inflammatory whole food diet versus usual diet for the induction of remission in 104 adults with mild-to-moderate Crohn's Disease (CD). The anti-inflammatory whole food diet will be compared to participants usual diet for understanding its effects on achieving clinical remission, clinical response, reduction in serological and fecal markers of inflammation, and improvement in patient-reported outcomes, such as physical activity, anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, sleep disturbance, social satisfaction, and quality of life. The study will involve collection of blood and fecal specimens to evaluate the effects of the anti-inflammatory diet on the gut microbiome, bacterial metabolome, innate immune markers, and fecal microRNA profiles. The participants will be placed on anti-inflammatory diet for 8 weeks and assessed every 2 weeks for adherence.
Sep 2017 The PRognostic Effect of Environmental Factors in Crohn's and Colitis (PREdiCCt) Observational University of Edinburgh This is a major study that is now being launched. This is the first study of its kind and is specifically directed toward understanding how environmental factors and the gut microorganisms influence IBD flare and recovery. For the PREdiCCt study, the investigators hope to recruit 1500 people in remission from Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (illness under control) from 28 inflammatory bowel disease clinics across the UK. What investigators hope to achieve: 1. Finding out the environmental and dietary factors for patients to avoid because they trigger flare. 2. Finding out behaviours for patients to adopt because they bring about remission. 3. Finding out what the microorganisms that predict flare look like. 4. Gaining information which helps future studies aimed at finding better diets for IBD sufferers. 5. Developing ways of gathering information online from IBD patients about their well-being that doctors can routinely use. Observational cohort, n=3100
Dec 2019 Diet Intervention for Crohn's Disease Patient Interventional University of Miami The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of a low-fat, high fiber diet (LFD) containing a minimal proportion of fat to improve gastrointestinal symptoms, quality of life and signs of inflammation in blood and stool.
Jan 2017 Chronic Inflammatory Disease, Lifestyle and Treatment Response (BELIEVE) Observational University of Southern Denmark Chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) - including inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), rheumatic conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis), inflammatory skin diseases (psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa) and non-infectious uveitis are treated with biologics targeting the pro-inflammatory molecule tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF), i.e. TNF inhibitors. Up to one third of the patients do, however, not respond to biologics and lifestyle is assumed to affect the treatment outcome. However, little is known on the effects of lifestyle as a prognostic factor (possibly enabling personalised medicine). The aims of this multidisciplinary collaboration are to identify lifestyle factors that support individualised forecasting of optimised treatment outcome on these costly drugs. This prospective cohort study will enrol CID patients assigned for biologic treatment. At baseline (Pre-treatment), patient characteristics are assessed using patient-reported outcome measures and clinical assessments on disease activity, quality of life, and lifestyle together with registry data on comorbidity and medication. Follow-up will be conducted at week 14-16 after treatment initiation (according to the current Danish standards). Evaluation of a successful treatment outcome response will - for each disease - be based on most frequently used primary endpoints; the major outcome of the analyses will be to detect differences in treatment outcome between patients with specific lifestyle characteristics. The overarching goal of this project is to improve the lives of patients suffering from CID, by providing evidence to support dietary recommendations likely to improve the clinical outcome. Prospective 16 weeks, observational prospective cohort n=320
Mar 2018 Chronic Inflammatory Disease, Lifestyle and Risk of Disease (PROCID-DHC) Interventional University of Southern Denmark The study will use data from all of the 57,053 participants in the Danish cohort "Diet, Health and Cancer (DHC)" together with registry data. Blood samples, anthropometric measures and questionnaire data on diet and lifestyle were collected at the DHC study entry. The National Patient Registry (NPR) will be used to obtain to identify patients with CID during follow-up. Follow-up information on death and immigration will be collected in March 2018 from the Danish Civil Registration Register. The outcome of Chronic Inflammaroty Diseases (CID) is defined as at least one of the following CIDs: Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis/ankylosing arthritis, or multiple sclerosis, during the follow-up period from 1993 to March 2018. The primary hypothesis is that "the risk of CID will be significantly higher among those with a low fibre/high red and processed meat intake compared to those with a high fibre/low red and processed meat intake." Based on previous research on a shared etiology in CIDs a second hypothesis is that "the postulated causality between low fibre/high red and processed meat intake and risk of developing CID is applicable for each of the CID-diagnoses." Observational, prospective, 24 years, n=57,053
Jan 2017 Diet as Essential Therapy (DIET) for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Interventional University of Washington The investigators propose to evaluate two such diets (certain diets have been recommended for patients with Crohn's disease) by randomizing 32 subjects with mildly to moderately active Crohn's disease to one of two diets that differ in the amount and type of carbohydrates and fiber. Subjects will remain on the diet for 8 weeks and will be evaluated for changes from baseline in inflammatory biomarkers, symptomatic disease activity, and the microbiome. Randomized, quadruple masked, n=34
Feb 2020 The Impact of Time Restricted Feeding in Crohn's Disease (TRF-CD) Interventional Weill Medical College of Cornell University Collaborator: Time-restricted feeding (TRF) is a dietary regimen involving the consumption of food and liquids within a defined time window with or without additional restriction on dietary composition. TRF has been associated with improvements in inflammation, host metabolism, autophagy, gut microbial composition, and gut permeability. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that likely results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This proposed study will test the hypothesis that a time-restricted feeding regimen will improve clinical outcomes and favorably influence the gut microbiome in patients with active Crohn's disease. If time-restricted fasting proves beneficial to this patient population then it will pave the way for larger, prospective studies and clinical trials.
Feb 2020 Decoding Personalized Nutritional, Microbiome and Host Patterns Impacting Clinical and Prognostic Features in Crohn's Disease Observational Weizmann Institute of Science The study is 3 arms observational study with no intervention that aims to understand the link between Crohn's disease, microbiome and diet in children. 150 children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease will participate in the study and their data will be used to create an algorithm about their microbiome, disease, diet, etc. 100 other children newly diagnosed will participate in the study and their data will be use to validate the algorithm. The investigators will be recruiting 50 healthy participants: 20 that are undergoing an endoscopy for abdominal pain and 30 that comes to the physician for different reasons.
Oct 2016 The Challenge Study: A Dietary Personalization Protocol for Patients With Crohn's Disease and Deep Remission Interventional CDED Wolfson Medical Center Prospective, open label, pilot trial in patients in deep remission on dietary maintenance therapy. The purpose of this study is to determine whether they can consume some of the products that were eliminated from their diet, named the Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED), and to evaluate if low dose exposure is harmful. The investigators have now progressed to three randomized controlled trials to evaluate the diet in different populations with different disease severity, and the results from the first RCT demonstrate a high remission rate in the CDED arm. However, to date the investigators have used the same diet for all patients. The investigators are now encountering patients on the diet in deep remission, but the investigators do not know if they can consume some of the products (such as milk fat and gluten) that were eliminated. The investigators therefore are starting to challenge our patients in deep remission with low dose exposure to evaluate if low dose exposure is harmful. The investigators wish to document this and obtain stool samples for calprotectin and microbiome n=10
Apr 2016 Fecal Transplantation Using a Diet for Donor and Recipient in Refractory Colitis Interventional Wolfson Medical Center The investigators propose to modify FT using a novel protocol and approach that we have developed. We have developed a unique diet that is geared to rectify dysbiosis in UC and damage to the mucous layer in active UC. The investigators intend to condition both donor and recipient with the diet to achieve optimal conditions for transplant to succeed for both donor and recipient .The investigators intend to evaluate this protocol in adults with active UC that are refractory to medications. The investigators will start with a randomized controlled trial involving 76 transplanted patients, however in the first pilot stage The investigators will enroll 34 patients, and extend the study if there is a trend for better outcomes with the dietary conditioning protocol. Furthermore, The investigators hope to identify successful donors during this period to use during the study extension.

Nutritional Therapy for IBD

Improving the Care of Patients with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis through Diet