Ongoing Clinical Trials

The body of research examining therapeutic diets is growing. Many trials are still in progress, including several large multi-center trials (DIETOMICS-CD [CDED] and MELODY [IBD-AID]). The collection of ongoing clinical trials listed below has been cultivated from ClinicalTrials.gov.
Date Title Trial type Completed Diets Sponsor Summary Excerpt Trial
Feb 2018 Combined Nutritional Therapies for the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis Interventional AB Biotics, SA The study will include two groups of 20 patients each. One of the groups will receive 6 grams of fiber a day in a single shot with the main meal (group 1) and the other group will receive 12 grams of fiber a day divided into two meals with the main meals (group 2). Two different combinations of fibers (formula A and B) will be tested with the following administration pattern for both groups. Description of the administration pattern Week 1: Formula A Week 2: Formula A Week 3: Formula B Week 4: Formula B A second sequential cycle similar to the first one (4 weeks with the same administration pattern) will be repeated in order to confirm the reproducibility of the findings. The two formulas contain fibers known and commonly used in human nutrition, which were previously tested in in vitro models with human faeces and their ability to promote the growth of butyrate-producing bacterial species that are deficient in patients with colitis was proven ulcerative (Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Roseburia hominis). The fibers are presented in aluminum envelopes to dissolve in a glass of water, juice, infusion or cold cream (max 37 ° C). In addition, formulas A and B for group 1 (a single intake per day) include the mixture of probiotics i3.1 in quantity per envelope of 3e + 9 colony-forming units, which contains: Pediococcus acidilactici CECT 7483, Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7484 and Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7485 in a 1: 1: 1 ratio.Randomized, open label, n=40
Jul 2014 Cyclic Exclusive Enteral Nutrition as Maintenance Therapy for Pediatric Crohn’s Disease (CD-HOPE) Interventional EEN Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris There is convincing data indicating that EN is highly efficacious when given on an exclusive basis, while the use of partial EN is markedly less effective to induce remission in active Crohn's disease as compared to exclusive EN. Recently, it was suggested that exclusive EN has a dominant effect on the intestinal microbiota, which contributes to the induction of remission. There exists several strategies to maintain remission in children with CD, but there is no clear consensus on which maintenance treatment to follow. There are some indicators to believe that enteral nutritional therapy might play also a significant role as maintenance therapy for CD. Given the fact that many centers use a top-down approach with the introduction of immunosuppressors and/or biologics at/or shortly after diagnosis, the investigators wanted to test the possibility of a treatment option to efficiently maintain remission with less (or no) side effects based on enteral nutrition to avoid the early use of immunosuppressors.
Jul 2018 Immunonutrition in Ulcerative Colitis Interventional Baptist Memorial Health Care Corporation This study tests the hypothesis that a supplement that combines a functional fiber, long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), vitamin D3, vitamin E, and zinc will reduce clinical symptoms, decrease pro-inflammatory cytokines in the blood and ergo decrease inflammation, promote beneficial microbial activity in the colon, and help recovery of the intestinal mucosa of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients compared with a placebo. Randomized, single masked, n=30
Oct 2017 Personalized Research on Diet in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease (PRODUCE) Interventional SCD, mSCD Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati A series of N-of-1 trials will be used to determine the effectiveness of a specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) versus a modified SCD in patients in reducing symptoms and inflammatory burden at both the individual and population level. This is a three-year study. The study staff will recruit 120 patients (goal sample size of 100, accounting for attrition) across up to 12 sites in patients aged 7-17 with mild to moderate disease activity. Randomized, open label, crossover trial.
Jun 2015 Crohn Disease Exclusion Diet After Single Medication De-escalation (CEASE) Interventional CDED Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Diet has been proven to impact disease activity in CD and may allow for sustained drug-free remission. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether pediatric CD patients in long-standing remission remain in remission longer after stopping medications if they follow the Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED). The hypothesis is that subjects on the CDED will have longer time-to-relapse as opposed to those on an unrestricted diet. n=35
Oct 2016 Microbiota-targeted Diet for Pediatric UC (UCD) Interventional Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Diet has a significant impact on the composition of the microbiota; The primary objective of this study is to determine whether the Ulcerative Colitis Diet (UCD) can induce remission or response in pediatric UC patients with active mild to moderate UC on a stable medication. 12 weeks open label n=47
Mar 2018 The ENIGMA Study: Eastern Inflammatory Bowel Disease Gut Microbiota Observational Chinese University of Hong Kong The ENIGMA project comprises three main enteric microbiome domains of central importance to Crohn's disease. Two specific organisms which may play a critical role in disease pathogenesis, including the candidate protective bacterium, and the novel pathogenic candidate, will be characterised and studied in detail. Microbial findings will be related to detailed assessment of environmental factors that permit microbial changes or expression. Observational cohort, n=1300
Apr 2018 Reverse Engineering of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (RE-EEN) Interventional EEN Dale Lee This will be an open label, pilot study over 4 weeks in children with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease treated with a smoothie designed to emulate formulas used for exclusive enteral nutritional therapy. In place of formula, whole-foods based smoothie recipes and the food to create the smoothies will be given to each participant/family. The smoothies will be based upon the concept of reverse-engineering of exclusive enteral nutrition (RE-EEN). The smoothie recipes will involve whole foods that can be blenderized to liquid consistency. Similar to the formulas used for EEN, the smoothies will provide calories, protein, fat, and carbohydrates in a distribution to support growth and development. Patients will be evaluated for induction of remission and changes in microbiome. Open label, n=10
Jan 2020 Low Animal Protein(LAP) modified Specific Carbohydrate Diet in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Interventional SCD David Suskind, Seattle Children's Hospital For this study, the investigators will examine the effect of low animal protein diet modified SCD in active ulcerative colitis. The investigators are examining how well a LAP SCD is tolerated and whether the LAP SCD appears effective for the treatment of active UC. Patients will be evaluated at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks with CBC, sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, albumin, and stool for microbiome analysis at each follow up visit.
Jul 2019 Vegetarian Diet in Ulcerative Colitis (LOVUC) Interventional Edith Cowan University To determine whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is effective in improving gastrointestinal symptoms, quality-of-life, intestinal inflammation and gut microbiota composition in mild-to-moderate UC compared to a standard omnivorous diet. This study will review whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is an optimal dietary therapy to achieve a clinical response in mild to moderate UC as an adjunctive treatment to current medical therapies. The proposed RCT will be used to evaluate the efficacy of a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet together with its effect on the microbiota to create an enhanced understanding of the role diet plays in the management of UC. Using a socially acceptable diet it is anticipated that food-related quality-of-life measures will improve for participants. Dietary modification could be a more economical, safer and more effective means of reducing symptoms and flare-ups compared to pharmacological therapy. Phase 1: Open labelled, single centre trial (10 patients) Phase 2: Open labelled, single centre, single blinded, randomised controlled clinical trial (n=30).
Jul 2019 Vegetarian Diet in Ulcerative Colitis (LOVUC) Interventional Edith Cowan University This study will review whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is an optimal dietary therapy to achieve a clinical response in mild to moderate UC as an adjunctive treatment to current medical therapies. The proposed RCT will be used to evaluate the efficacy of a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet together with its effect on the microbiota to create an enhanced understanding of the role diet plays in the management of UC. Using a socially acceptable diet it is anticipated that food-related quality-of-life measures will improve for participants. Dietary modification could be a more economical, safer and more effective means of reducing symptoms and flare-ups compared to pharmacological therapy.
Apr 2017 The IMAGINE-SPOR CIHR Chronic Disease Network (IMAGINE) Observational Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation The IMAGINE Cohort Study will identify and recruit a cohort of 8000 patients with IBS, IBD and healthy controls (2000 of each) who will be assessed in terms of their psychological status, dietary intake, gut microbiome, metabolomic and inflammatory markers and genotype, health-related quality of life, and health care resource use and associated costs. The cohort and healthy controls will be followed prospectively for up to 5 years after the completion of study enrollment. Observational cohort. n=8000.

Nutritional Therapy for IBD

Improving the Care of Patients with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis through Diet