Ongoing Clinical Trials

The body of research examining therapeutic diets is growing. Many trials are still in progress, including several large multi-center trials (DIETOMICS-CD [CDED] and MELODY [IBD-AID]). The collection of ongoing clinical trials listed below has been cultivated from ClinicalTrials.gov.
Date Title Trial type Completed Diets Sponsor Summary Excerpt Trial
Feb 2020 The Impact of Time Restricted Feeding in Crohn's Disease (TRF-CD) Interventional Weill Medical College of Cornell University Collaborator: Time-restricted feeding (TRF) is a dietary regimen involving the consumption of food and liquids within a defined time window with or without additional restriction on dietary composition. TRF has been associated with improvements in inflammation, host metabolism, autophagy, gut microbial composition, and gut permeability. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that likely results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This proposed study will test the hypothesis that a time-restricted feeding regimen will improve clinical outcomes and favorably influence the gut microbiome in patients with active Crohn's disease. If time-restricted fasting proves beneficial to this patient population then it will pave the way for larger, prospective studies and clinical trials.
Jan 2020 Adjunctive Treatment With Vitamin D3 in Patients With Active IBD (ACTIVATED) Interventional Massachusetts General Hospital Besides its traditional role in bone homeostasis, several studies have recognized the important role Vitamin D plays in modulating the immune response, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Specifically, Vitamin D may mediate immunity by modulating autophagy in leukocytes and regulating the gut microbiome. Thus, Vitamin D may play an important role in IBD. Furthermore, evidence suggests that the effect of vitamin D may be mediated through the TNF-α pathway, suggesting a synergy with anti-TNF therapy. This is a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial to study the effect of Vitamin D3 as an adjunct therapy for patients with active CD, UC, or IBD unspecified who are undergoing anti-TNF induction therapy.
Jul 2019 Vegetarian Diet in Ulcerative Colitis (LOVUC) Interventional Edith Cowan University This study will review whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is an optimal dietary therapy to achieve a clinical response in mild to moderate UC as an adjunctive treatment to current medical therapies. The proposed RCT will be used to evaluate the efficacy of a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet together with its effect on the microbiota to create an enhanced understanding of the role diet plays in the management of UC. Using a socially acceptable diet it is anticipated that food-related quality-of-life measures will improve for participants. Dietary modification could be a more economical, safer and more effective means of reducing symptoms and flare-ups compared to pharmacological therapy.
Feb 2019 The MELODY Trial: Modulating Early Life Microbiome Through Dietary Intervention in Crohn's Disease
Interventional IBD-AID Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai The goal of this study is to prospectively test the hypothesis that a non-invasive dietary intervention during the last trimester of pregnancy could beneficially shift the microbiome of CD and UC patients and their babies, hereby promoting a healthier immune system during a critical time of the immune system development. Particularly, the study team will test whether favorable diet-driven changes in the microbiome can lead to a reduced risk of postpartum relapse and lower gut inflammation in the offspring. The study design is a three-arm, prospective, pre-post intervention trial. Crohn's Disease (CD) patients at 27-29 weeks of pregnancy will self-select to Arm 1 or Arm 2. Controls will be in Arm 3. Arm 1 (diet-CD): 8-10 weeks of dietary intervention (n=66) Arm 2 (no-diet-CD): usual diet with no intervention (n=66) Arm 3 (no-diet-control): unaffected controls at the same gestational stage will follow their usual diet and no intervention (n=66). This study has been updated to include mothers with UC in addition to mothers with CD.
Dec 2019 Diet Intervention for Crohn's Disease Patient Interventional University of Miami The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of a low-fat, high fiber diet (LFD) containing a minimal proportion of fat to improve gastrointestinal symptoms, quality of life and signs of inflammation in blood and stool.
Oct 2020 Modeling Patient Response to a Therapeutic Diet in Crohn's Disease (TDI) Interventional University of Calgary is proposed randomized controlled trial (RCT) explores the efficacy of a Crohn's Disease (CD) Therapeutic Dietary Intervention (TDI) compared to conventional management (CM) to induce steroid-free clinical remission at week 13 in patients with active, mild-to-moderate luminal CD. For asymptomatic patients with active disease, efficacy of the diet will be explored by using fecal calprotectin and sonographic findings.
May 2020 SCD vs. Mediterranean Diet Therapy in Ulcerative Colitis
Interventional SCD, MED Massachusetts General Hospital Although patients and physicians have shown tremendous interest in the effect of diet on ulcerative colitis, there is a lack of significant evidence for providers to make practical recommendations with. In this study, the investigators hope to find out if dietary therapy by either the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) or the Mediterranean diet will help improve ulcerative colitis symptoms for patients with mild to moderately active disease. In addition, the investigators will compare disease activity and changes in the intestinal bacterial composition in the colon that occur with the Mediterranean or the SCD diet in active ulcerative colitis.
Sep 2017 The PRognostic Effect of Environmental Factors in Crohn's and Colitis (PREdiCCt) Observational University of Edinburgh This is a major study that is now being launched. This is the first study of its kind and is specifically directed toward understanding how environmental factors and the gut microorganisms influence IBD flare and recovery. For the PREdiCCt study, the investigators hope to recruit 1500 people in remission from Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (illness under control) from 28 inflammatory bowel disease clinics across the UK. What investigators hope to achieve: 1. Finding out the environmental and dietary factors for patients to avoid because they trigger flare. 2. Finding out behaviours for patients to adopt because they bring about remission. 3. Finding out what the microorganisms that predict flare look like. 4. Gaining information which helps future studies aimed at finding better diets for IBD sufferers. 5. Developing ways of gathering information online from IBD patients about their well-being that doctors can routinely use. Observational cohort, n=3100
Jan 2020 "Tasty and Healthy" Dietary Approach for Crohn's Disease
Interventional Shaare Zedek Medical Center The aim of this proposal is to explore the effectiveness of the "Tasty&Healthy" dietary approach based on avoiding "pro-inflammatory" and processed ingredients, for inducing and maintaining remission and MH in children and young adults.
Oct 2016 The Challenge Study: A Dietary Personalization Protocol for Patients With Crohn's Disease and Deep Remission Interventional CDED Wolfson Medical Center Prospective, open label, pilot trial in patients in deep remission on dietary maintenance therapy. The purpose of this study is to determine whether they can consume some of the products that were eliminated from their diet, named the Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED), and to evaluate if low dose exposure is harmful. The investigators have now progressed to three randomized controlled trials to evaluate the diet in different populations with different disease severity, and the results from the first RCT demonstrate a high remission rate in the CDED arm. However, to date the investigators have used the same diet for all patients. The investigators are now encountering patients on the diet in deep remission, but the investigators do not know if they can consume some of the products (such as milk fat and gluten) that were eliminated. The investigators therefore are starting to challenge our patients in deep remission with low dose exposure to evaluate if low dose exposure is harmful. The investigators wish to document this and obtain stool samples for calprotectin and microbiome n=10
Apr 2015 Dietary Therapy and Gut Microbiome in Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Interventional SCD Massachusetts General Hospital Single site, open-label clinical trial of enteral nutrition or the specific carbohydrate diet in patients with active CD or UC assigned to one of two dietary intervention arms based on their preference and will meet with the study registered dietician at the MGH Clinical Research Center (CRC) metabolism and nutrition unit. There, they will receive instruction on the components of the assigned dietary therapy arm - partial elemental diet (enteral nutrition) or specific carbohydrate diet, and will complete a baseline food record (FR). They will adhere to the dietary therapy for 6 weeks after which they can resume normal diet. Clinical, biochemical, nutritional, and microbiological parameters will be measured during and for 6 weeks following the study. They will have 5 study visits during this time. N=40
Jul 2016 Diet for Induction and Maintenance of Remission and Re-biosis in Crohn's Disease (DIETOMICS-CD) Interventional CDED, EEN, PEN Prof. Arie Levine The modified-Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (mEEN) is an open label randomized controlled pilot trial in mild to severe Crohn's Disease patients. The purpose of this study is to determine whether induction of remission and maintenance of remission can be achieved with a new dietary strategy that involves only 2 weeks of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) with Modulen followed by an exclusion diet involving selected table foods, coupled with partial enteral nutrition for 24 weeks. This novel approach will be compared to the gold standard dietary regime involving 8 weeks of EEN followed by PEN with free diet. N=76

Nutritional Therapy for IBD

Improving the Care of Patients with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis through Diet