Ongoing Clinical Trials

The body of research examining therapeutic diets is growing. Many trials are still in progress, including several large multi-center trials (DIETOMICS-CD [CDED] and MELODY [IBD-AID]). The collection of ongoing clinical trials listed below has been cultivated from
Date Title Trial type Completed Diets Sponsor Summary Excerpt Trial
Jun 2017 Comparison of Partial and Exclusive Enteral Nutrition in the Treatment of Active Childhood-Onset Crohn's Disease Interventional EEN University Medical Centre Ljubljana The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of a novel enteral nutrition (EN) protocol (delivering 75% of patient's caloric needs through EN) for induction of remission in patients with active childhood-onset Crohn's disease (CD) and compare it to the standard protocol with exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN). This novel approach allows patients to consume remaining calories (25%) from an antiinflammatory diet for CD (AID-CD). Randomized, open label n=50.
Feb 2018 Combined Nutritional Therapies for the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis Interventional AB Biotics, SA The study will include two groups of 20 patients each. One of the groups will receive 6 grams of fiber a day in a single shot with the main meal (group 1) and the other group will receive 12 grams of fiber a day divided into two meals with the main meals (group 2). Two different combinations of fibers (formula A and B) will be tested with the following administration pattern for both groups. Description of the administration pattern Week 1: Formula A Week 2: Formula A Week 3: Formula B Week 4: Formula B A second sequential cycle similar to the first one (4 weeks with the same administration pattern) will be repeated in order to confirm the reproducibility of the findings. The two formulas contain fibers known and commonly used in human nutrition, which were previously tested in in vitro models with human faeces and their ability to promote the growth of butyrate-producing bacterial species that are deficient in patients with colitis was proven ulcerative (Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Roseburia hominis). The fibers are presented in aluminum envelopes to dissolve in a glass of water, juice, infusion or cold cream (max 37 ° C). In addition, formulas A and B for group 1 (a single intake per day) include the mixture of probiotics i3.1 in quantity per envelope of 3e + 9 colony-forming units, which contains: Pediococcus acidilactici CECT 7483, Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7484 and Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7485 in a 1: 1: 1 ratio.Randomized, open label, n=40
Oct 2016 Microbiota-targeted Diet for Pediatric UC (UCD) Interventional Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Diet has a significant impact on the composition of the microbiota; The primary objective of this study is to determine whether the Ulcerative Colitis Diet (UCD) can induce remission or response in pediatric UC patients with active mild to moderate UC on a stable medication. 12 weeks open label n=47
Feb 2017 The Effect of Diet on Disease Activity and Symptoms in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Interventional University of British Columbia The Mediterranean Diet Pattern (MDP) is associated with improvements in health status and inflammatory markers in healthy individuals and rodent models of colitis. Reductions in inflammatory biomarkers and a "normalization" of the gut microbiota have been shown in patients with Crohn's disease following a MDP. To date, no studies have examined the effect of MDP on disease activity, inflammatory markers or the effects on the microbiome in ulcerative colitis (UC). This study will examine the effects of a MDP taken by patients with UC on 1) symptoms, clinical and quality of life endpoints and 2) on gut microbiome and fecal immune biomarkers. One hundred subjects and two subjects with UC will be randomly allocated to follow a MDP for 12 weeks or their usual diet (controls). Upon initiation, throughout and completion of each diet, symptoms, clinical and quality of life endpoints will be monitored. Fecal samples will be collected to assess pH, short-chain fatty acid concentrations, bacterial abundance and diversity. . Randomized, open label, n=102
Jan 2015 Use of a Novel Diet (UC DIET) for Treatment of Mild to Moderate Active Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Interventional Prof. Arie Levine The goal of the study is to evaluate strategies that target the microbiota for the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis , This study will involve a novel diet that the investigators developed , based on the hypothesis that UC involves dysbiosis , underutilzation of certain metabolic pathways and use of pathways that increase risk of inflammation . The investigators have postulated that manipulation of colonic bacterial metabolism with this diet will induce remission in UC without involving additional immune suppression. Open label n=20
Sep 2016 Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Improves Nutritional State of Patients With Crohn's Disease Interventional The Second Hospital of Nanjing Medical University Patients with Crohns' disease are always complicated with malnutrition. This trial aimed to assess whether FMT accompanied by enteral nutrition (EN) can make contributions to patients with Crohns' disease. Open label, n=60
Jul 2016 Mediterranean Diet as an Add-on Therapy for Induction of Remission in Patients With Active Crohn's Disease Interventional MD michal roll The purpose of this study is to determine whether Mediterranean diet is superior to a low residue diet as an add-on therapy for induction of remission in adult patients with active Crohn's disease and to evaluate its effects on clinical, inflammatory and microbial parameters. Seventy eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of two dietary interventions: Mediterranean diet or low residue diet, as an add-on therapy for induction of remission of active Crohn's disease. The effect of the dietary regimens on clinical, inflammatory and microbial parameters will be assessed at 8 and 52 weeks.Randomized, double-blind. n=100
Feb 2015 Decentralized Dietary UC Pilot Trial Interventional Transparency Life Sciences This study is designed to assess differences in remote and on-site patient study participation in the State of Massachusetts, as well as the significance of dietary interventions (Combined Anti-inflammatory Diet (CAID) and their impact on UC. The study will activate one site with a Principal Investigator who will utilize each subject's local care system (local Gastroenterologist) to collect study data, along with telemonitoring and video visits, to make key study assessments and decisions regarding subjects' progression in the study. Randomized, doiuble blind, n=51
Oct 2019 Diet Intervention Treatment for Active Ulcerative Colitis Interventional Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada We propose to use a sustainable non-elemental diet aimed at altering the microbiome in patients with mild to moderately active UC to alter their disease activity. Participants will be followed for 14 days on their traditional diet followed by an 8 week intervention with the specially designed and provided treatment diet. The treatment diet has been designed based on the literature with the goal of influencing the biodiversity and density of the microbiome. All food through the duration of the 8 week dietary intervention period of the study will be provided to the treatment arm study participants. Open label n=20
Nov 2019 Effects of an Intermittent Reduced Calorie Diet on Crohn's Disease Interventional Stanford University The purpose of this study is to see how an Intermittent Calorie Reduced Diet (IRCD) that mimics fasting effects inflammation in patients with mild to moderate Crohn's disease (CD). The diet may allow users to receive the benefits of fasting while also being able to enjoy food (the ingredients of which are GRAS (generally recognized as safe) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Research on dietary interventions and CD are very limited. Diets that mimick fasting have been studied with support of the National Institute of Health and published in leading journals. This research investigates whether markers of inflammation decrease and/or quality of life increases after five-day periods of the IRCD, and may provide rationale for its use to treat CD. Three cycles of a 5-day Intermittent Reduced Calorie Diet over three months. Open label, n=75
Aug 2018 The Influence of a Fasting Mimicking Diet on Ulcerative Colitis Interventional Stanford University This research investigates whether markers of inflammation decrease and/or quality of life increases after three cycles of a five-day period of the fasting mimicking diet, and may provide rationale for its use to treat UC. Three cycles of a 5-day reduced calorie diet over 3 months. Primary outcome; changes in CRP, FCP, ESR. Secondary outcome: clinical remission per Mayo score, endoscopic outcomes. Other outcomes: measure of additional inflammatory markers, changes in gut metabolites and microbiome profiles. Open label, n=75
Jul 2019 Vegetarian Diet in Ulcerative Colitis (LOVUC) Interventional Edith Cowan University To determine whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is effective in improving gastrointestinal symptoms, quality-of-life, intestinal inflammation and gut microbiota composition in mild-to-moderate UC compared to a standard omnivorous diet. This study will review whether a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is an optimal dietary therapy to achieve a clinical response in mild to moderate UC as an adjunctive treatment to current medical therapies. The proposed RCT will be used to evaluate the efficacy of a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet together with its effect on the microbiota to create an enhanced understanding of the role diet plays in the management of UC. Using a socially acceptable diet it is anticipated that food-related quality-of-life measures will improve for participants. Dietary modification could be a more economical, safer and more effective means of reducing symptoms and flare-ups compared to pharmacological therapy. Phase 1: Open labelled, single centre trial (10 patients) Phase 2: Open labelled, single centre, single blinded, randomised controlled clinical trial (n=30).

Nutritional Therapy for IBD

Improving the Care of Patients with Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis through Diet